Lutetium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Lutetium and atomic properties with characteristics. Lutetium is a silvery-white chemical element with atomic number 71. Its symbol is Lu and it belongs to the group of transition metals and its usual state in nature is solid. Lutetium is located at position 71 on the periodic table.

On this page you can discover the chemical properties of lutetium and information about lutetium and other elements of the periodic table such as yttrium, actinium, uranium or laurentium. You will also learn what lutetium is for and you will know what its uses through its properties associated with lutetium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which lutetium can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of lutetium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in the lutetium atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Lutetium properties

The transition metals, also called transition elements, is the group to which lutetium belongs. In this group of chemical elements to which lutetium belongs, are those located in the central part of the periodic table, specifically in block d. Among the characteristics that lutetium has, as well as those of the rest of transition metals, is that of including the d orbital, partially filled with electrons, in its electronic configuration. Properties of this type of metal, among which lutetium is found, are its high hardness, having high boiling and melting points and being good conductors of electricity and heat.

The state of lutetium in its natural form is solid. Lutetium is a silvery-white chemical element that belongs to the group of transition metals. The atomic number for Lutetium is 71. The chemical symbol for Lutetium is Lu. Lutetium’s melting point is 1925 degrees Kelvin or 1652.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of lutetium is 3675 degrees Kelvin or 3402.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.

Atomic properties of lutetium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. As for the position where to find lutetium within the periodic table of elements, lutetium is in group 3 and period 6. Lutetium has an atomic mass of 174.967 u.

The electron configuration of lutetium is [Xe] 4f14 5d1 6s2. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. Lutetium’s mean radius is 175 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 217 pm, and its covalent radius is 160 pm. Lutetium has a total of 71 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 32 electrons, in the fifth shell it has 9 electrons and in the sixth, 2 electrons.

Lutetium characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of lutetium.

Chemical symbol Mon
Atomic number 71
Group 3
Period 6
Appearance silvery white
Block d
Density 9841 kg / m3
Atomic mass 174,967 u
Medium radius 175 pm
Atomic radio 217
Covalent radius 160 pm
Electronic configuration [Xe] 4f14 5d1 6s2
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 32, 9, 2
Oxidation states 3
Oxide weak base
Crystal structure hexagonal
State solid
Melting point 1925K
Boiling point 3675K
Heat of fusion 18.6 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 2460 Pa to 1936 K
Electronegativity 1.27
Specific heat 150 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 1.85106S / m
Thermal conductivity 16.4 W / (K m)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button