ChemistryElements

Lead: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Lead and atomic properties with characteristics. Lead is a bluish-gray chemical element with atomic number 82. Its symbol is Pb and it belongs to the group of metals in the block p and its usual state in nature is solid. Lead is located at position 82 on the periodic table.

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On this page you can discover the chemical properties of lead and information about lead and other elements of the periodic table such as tin, ununquadium, thallium or bismuth. You will also learn what lead is for and what its uses are through its properties associated with lead, such as its atomic number or the usual state in which lead can be found.

You can see qualities of lead such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in lead atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Lead Properties

Lead belongs to the group of metallic elements known as the p-block metals that are located next to the metalloids or semimetals in the periodic table. These types of elements tend to be soft and have low melting points, properties that can also be attributed to lead, since it is part of this group of elements.

The state of lead in its natural form is solid. Lead is a bluish-gray chemical element and belongs to the p-block group of metals. The atomic number of lead is 82. The chemical symbol for lead is Pb. Lead’s melting point is 600.61 degrees Kelvin or 328.46 degrees Celsius, or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of lead is 2,022 degrees Kelvin or 1,749.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.

Atomic properties of lead

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding the position where to find lead within the periodic table of elements, lead is in group 14 and period 6. Lead has an atomic mass of 207.2 u.

The electron configuration of lead is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. Lead’s mean radius is 180 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 154 pm, its covalent radius is 147 pm, and its Van der Waals radius is 202 pm.

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Lead Characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of lead.

Lead
Chemical symbol Pb
Atomic number 82
Group 14
Period 6
Appearance bluish gray
Block p
Density 11340 kg / m3
Atomic mass 207.2 u
Medium radius 180 pm
Atomic radio 154
Covalent radius 147 pm
Van der Waals radio 202 pm
Electronic configuration [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p2
Oxidation states 4, 2 (amphoteric)
Crystal structure face-centered cubic
State solid
Melting point 600.61 K
Boiling point 2022K
Heat of fusion 4,799 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 4.21 × 10-7Pa at 600 K
Electronegativity 2.33 (Pauling)
Specific heat 129 J / (kg K)
Electric conductivity 4.81 × 106 m-1 Ω-1
Thermal conductivity 35.3 W / (m K)

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