Iron: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Iron and atomic properties with characteristics.Iron is a glossy metallic-looking chemical element with a grayish hue with atomic number 26. Its symbol is Fe and belongs to the group of transition metals and its usual state in nature is solid. Iron is located at position 26 on the periodic table.

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On this page you can discover the chemical properties of iron and information about iron and other elements on the periodic table such as ruthenium, manganese, cobalt or scandium. You will also learn what iron is for and learn about its uses through its properties associated with iron such as its atomic number or the usual state in which iron can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of iron such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in iron atoms and other properties.

For some elements some of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Iron properties

Transition metals, also called transition elements is the group to which iron belongs. In this group of chemical elements to which iron belongs, there are those located in the central part of the periodic table, specifically in block d. Among the characteristics that iron has, as well as those of other tansition metals, is that of including in its electronic configuration the d orbital, partially full of electrons. Properties of this type of metal, among which iron is its high hardness, having high boiling and melting points and being good conductors of electricity and heat.

The state of iron in its natural form is solid (ferromagnetic). Iron is a glossy metallic-looking chemical element with a grayish hue and belongs to the group of transition metals. The atomic number of iron is 26. The chemical symbol for iron is Fe. The melting point of iron is 1808 degrees Kelvin or 1535.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of iron is 3023 degrees Kelvin or 2750.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.

Iron is a mineral that our body needs for its proper functioning and can be found in food. Through the following link, you can find a list of foods with iron .

Uses of iron

Iron is an extremely useful metal and the most common element on planet Earth. If you have ever wondered what iron is for , here is a list of its possible uses:

  • In the Haber-Bosch process, iron catalysts are used to produce ammonia and they are also used in the Fischer-Tropsch process to convert carbon monoxide into hydrocarbons used for fuels and lubricants.
  • Iron metal is strong, but it is also very cheap. Therefore, it is the most commonly used metal today. Most cars, machines, tools, large ship hulls, and most machine parts are made of iron.
  • Stainless steel is a very common type of steel. Steel is obtained by combining iron with other metals. Stainless steel is used in some parts of buildings, in pots and pans, cutlery, and surgical supplies. It is also used to make planes and automobiles. Stainless steel is also 100% recyclable.
  • Iron chloride is a very important compound. It is used for wastewater treatment, as a dye for fabrics, as a dye for paint, as an additive in animal feed and also for the manufacture of printed circuit boards.
  • Iron sulfate is used to treat iron deficiency ( anemia ). It is also used to remove microscopic residual particles from the water .

Atomic properties of iron

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. As for the position where to find iron within the periodic table of the elements, iron is in group 8 and period 4. Iron has an atomic mass of 55.845 u.

The electronic configuration of the iron is [Ar] 3d64s2. The electronic configuration of the elements, determines the form in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The average radius of iron is 140 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 156 pm, and its covalent radius is 126 pm. Iron has a total of 26 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first layer it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third layer it has 14 electrons and in the fourth one, 2 electrons.

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Characteristics of iron

Below you can see a table showing the main characteristics of iron.

Chemical symbol Faith
Atomic number 26
Group 8
Period 4
Appearance shiny metallic with a grayish hue
Block d
Density 7874 kg / m3
Atomic mass 55,845 u
Average radius 140 pm
Atomic radio 156
Covalent radius 126 pm
Electronic configuration [Ar] 3d64s2
Electrons per layer 2, 8, 14, 2
Oxidation states 2. 3
Oxide amphoteric
Crystal structure body centered cubic
State solid
Melting point 1808 K
Boiling point 3023 K
Heat of fusion 13.8 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 7.05 Pa at 1808 K
Electronegativity 1.83
Specific heat 440 J / (K · kg)
Electric conductivity 9.93106S / m
Thermal conductivity 80.2 W / (Km)

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