CHEMISTRYELEMENTS

Gadolinium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Gadolinium and atomic properties with characteristics. Gadolinium is a silvery-white chemical element with atomic number 64. Its symbol is Gd and it belongs to the group of lanthanides and its normal state in nature is solid. Gadolinium is located at position 64 on the periodic table.

On this page you can discover the chemical properties of gadolinium and information about gadolinium and other elements of the periodic table such as thorium, protactinium, neptunium or plutonium. You will also learn what gadolinium is for and you will know what its uses through its properties associated with gadolinium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which gadolinium can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of gadolinium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in gadolinium atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Gadolinium properties

Gadolinium is part of the group of lanthanides. Lanthanides are also called rare earths since they are commonly presented as oxides. Together with the actinides, the lanthanides form the internal transition elements.

The state of gadolinium in its natural form is solid. Gadolinium is a silvery-white chemical element that belongs to the group of lanthanides. The atomic number for gadolinium is 64. The chemical symbol for gadolinium is Gd. Gadolinium’s melting point is 1585 degrees Kelvin or 1312.85 degrees Celsius or degrees centigrade. The boiling point of gadolinium is 3523 degrees Kelvin or 3250.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.

Atomic properties of gadolinium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding its position within the periodic table of elements, it can be found in period 6. Gadolinium has an atomic mass of 157.25 u.

The electron configuration of gadolinium is [Xe] 4f86s2. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The mean radius of gadolinium is 188 pm and its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 233 pm. Gadolinium has a total of 64 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 25 electrons, in the fifth shell it has 9 electrons and in the sixth, 2 electrons.

Gadolinium characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of gadolinium.

Gadolinium
Chemical symbol Gd
Atomic number 64
Period 6
Appearance silvery white
Block F
Density 7901 kg / m3
Atomic mass 157.25 u
Medium radius 188 pm
Atomic radio 233
Electronic configuration [Xe] 4f86s2
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 25, 9, 2
Oxidation states 3
Oxide slightly basic
Crystal structure hexagonal
State solid
Melting point 1585K
Boiling point 3523K
Heat of fusion 10.05 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 24400 Pa at 1585 K
Electronegativity 1.20
Specific heat 230 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 0.736106S / m
Thermal conductivity 10.6 W / (K m)

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