Dysprosium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Dysprosium and atomic properties with characteristics. Dysprosium is a silvery-white chemical element with atomic number 66. Its symbol is Dy and it belongs to the group of lanthanides and its normal state in nature is solid. Dysprosium is located at position 66 on the periodic table.

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On this page you can discover the chemical properties of dysprosium and information about dysprosium and other elements of the periodic table such as thorium, protactinium, neptunium or plutonium. You will also learn what dysprosium is for and you will know what its uses through its properties associated with dysprosium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which dysprosium can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of dysprosium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in dysprosium atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Properties of dysprosium

Dysprosium is part of the group of lanthanides. Lanthanides are also called rare earths since they are commonly presented as oxides. Together with the actinides, the lanthanides form the internal transition elements.

The state of dysprosium in its natural form is solid. Dysprosium is a silvery-white chemical element and belongs to the group of lanthanides. The atomic number for dysprosium is 66. The chemical symbol for dysprosium is Dy. The melting point of dysprosium is 1680 degrees Kelvin or 1407.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of dysprosium is 2840 degrees Kelvin or 2567.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.

Atomic properties of dysprosium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding its position within the periodic table of elements, it can be found in period 6. Dysprosium has an atomic mass of 162,500 u.

The electron configuration of dysprosium is [Xe] 6s24f10. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The mean radius of dysprosium is 175 pm and its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 228 pm. Dysprosium has a total of 66 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 28 electrons, in the fifth shell it has 8 electrons and in the sixth, 2 electrons.

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Characteristics of dysprosium

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of dysprosium.

Chemical symbol Dy
Atomic number 66
Period 6
Appearance silvery white
Block F
Density 8551 kg / m3
Atomic mass 162,500 u
Medium radius 175 pm
Atomic radio 228
Electronic configuration [Xe] 6s24f10
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 28, 8, 2
Oxidation states 3
Oxide weak base
Crystal structure hexagonal
State solid
Melting point 1680K
Boiling point 2840K
Heat of fusion 11.06 kJ / mol
Electronegativity 1.22
Specific heat 170 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 1.08106S / m
Thermal conductivity 10.7 W / (Km)

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