We elaborate the uses of copper and atomic properties with characteristics. Copper is a metallic, reddish chemical element with an atomic number 29. Its symbol is Cu and it belongs to the group of transition metals and its usual state in nature is solid. Copper is located at position 29 on the periodic table.
On this page you can discover the chemical properties of copper and information about copper and other elements on the periodic table such as silver, nickel, zinc or scandium. You will also learn what copper is for and learn about its uses through its properties associated with copper such as its atomic number or the usual state in which copper can be found.
You can see qualities of copper such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in copper atoms and other properties.
For some elements, some of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.
Properties of copper
Transition metals, also called transition elements is the group to which copper belongs. In this group of chemical elements to which copper belongs, there are those located in the central part of the periodic table, specifically in block d. Among the characteristics of copper, as well as those of the rest of the transition metals, is that of including in its electronic configuration the d orbital, partially full of electrons. Properties of this type of metal, among which copper is its high hardness, having high boiling and melting points and being good conductors of electricity and heat.
The state of copper in its natural form is solid (diamagnetic). Copper is a metallic reddish chemical element and belongs to the group of transition metals. The atomic number of copper is 29. The chemical symbol for copper is Cu. The melting point of copper is 1,357.77 degrees Kelvin or 1,085.62 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of copper is 3,200 degrees Kelvin or 2,927.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.
Uses of copper
If you’ve ever wondered what copper is for , here is a list of its possible uses:
- Copper is used for water supply pipes . This metal is also used in refrigerators and air conditioning systems.
- Computer heatsinks are made of copper because copper is capable of absorbing a large amount of heat.
- The magnetron, the fundamental part of microwave ovens, contains copper.
- Vacuum tubes and cathode ray tubes contain copper.
- Copper particles are added to some fungicides and nutritional supplements.
- As a good conductor of electricity, copper is used in copper wire, electromagnets, relays, and electrical switches.
- Copper is a very rust resistant material. It has been used to make containers containing water since ancient times.
- Some structures and statues, like the Statue of Liberty, are made of copper.
- Copper is sometimes combined with nickel to make a corrosion resistant material that is used in shipbuilding.
- Copper is used to make lightning rods. These attract lightning and cause the electric current to scatter rather than hit and destroy the structure on which they are placed.
- Copper sulfate is used to remove mold.
- Copper is often used to color glass. It is also a component of ceramic enamel.
- Many of the musical instruments, particularly brass instruments, are made of copper.
Atomic properties of copper
The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. As for the position where to find copper within the periodic table of the elements, copper is in group 11 and period 4. Copper has an atomic mass of 63,536 u.
The electronic configuration of copper is [Ar] 3d104s1. The electronic configuration of the elements, determines the form in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The average radius of copper is 135  pm pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 145  pm (Bohr radius) pm, its covalent radius is 138  pm pm and its radius of Van der Waals is 140  pm pm.
Characteristics of copper
Below you can see a table where the main characteristics of copper are shown.
|Density||8960 kg / m3|
|Atomic mass||63,536 u|
|Average radius||135  pm pm|
|Atomic radio||145  pm (Bohr Radio)|
|Covalent radius||138  pm pm|
|Van der Waals radio||140  pm pm|
|Electronic configuration||[Ar] 3d104s1|
|Oxidation states||+1, +2|
|Crystal structure||face centered cubic|
|Melting point||1357.77 K|
|Boiling point||3200 K|
|Heat of fusion||13.1 kJ / mol|
|Specific heat||385 J / (K · kg)|
|Electric conductivity||58,108 × 106S / m|
|Thermal conductivity||400 W / (Km)|