Cerium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Cerium and atomic properties with characteristics. Cerium is a silvery-white chemical element with atomic number 58. Its symbol is Ce and it belongs to the group of lanthanides and its normal state in nature is solid. Cerium is located at position 58 on the periodic table.

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On this page you can discover the chemical properties of cerium and information about cerium and other elements of the periodic table such as thorium, protactinium, neptunium or plutonium. You will also learn what cerium is for and what its uses are through its properties associated with cerium such as its atomic number or the usual state in which cerium can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of cerium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. Also, here you will find information on its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in cerium atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Cerium properties

Cerium is part of the group of lanthanides. Lanthanides are also called rare earths since they are commonly presented as oxides. Together with the actinides, the lanthanides form the internal transition elements.

The state of cerium in its natural form is solid. Cerium is a silvery-white chemical element and belongs to the group of lanthanides. The atomic number of cerium is 58. The chemical symbol for cerium is Ce. The melting point of cerium is 1071 degrees Kelvin or 798.85 degrees Celsius, or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of cerium is 3699 degrees Kelvin or 3426.85 degrees Celsius, or degrees Celsius.

Atomic properties of cerium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding its position within the periodic table of elements, it can be found in period 6. Cerium has an atomic mass of 140.116 u.

The electron configuration of cerium is [Xe] 4f15d16s2. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The atomic radius or Bohr radius of cerium is 185 pm. Cerium has a total of 58 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 19 electrons, in the fifth shell it has 9 electrons and in the sixth, 2 electrons.

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Cerium characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics that cerium has.

Chemical symbol EC
Atomic number 58
Period 6
Appearance silvery white
Block F
Density 6689 kg / m3
Atomic mass 140,116 u
Atomic radio 185
Electronic configuration [Xe] 4f15d16s2
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 19, 9, 2
Oxidation states 3.4
Oxide slightly basic
Crystal structure face-centered cubic
State solid
Melting point 1071K
Boiling point 3699K
Heat of fusion 5.46 kJ / mol
Electronegativity 1.12
Specific heat 190 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 1.15106S / m
Thermal conductivity 11.4 W / (K m)

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