ChemistryElements

Bismuth: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Bismuth and atomic properties with characteristics. Bismuth is a red, bright white chemical element with atomic number 83. Its symbol is Bi and it belongs to the group of metals in the p block and its usual state in nature is solid. Bismuth is located at position 83 on the periodic table.

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On this page you can discover the chemical properties of bismuth and information about bismuth and other elements of the periodic table such as antimony, seaborgium, ununpentium or lead. You will also learn what bismuth is for and you will know what its uses through its properties associated with bismuth such as its atomic number or the usual state in which bismuth can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of bismuth such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. Also, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in bismuth atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Properties of bismuth

Bismuth belongs to the group of metallic elements known as the p-block metals that are located next to the metalloids or semimetals in the periodic table. These types of elements tend to be soft and have low melting points, properties that can also be attributed to bismuth, since it is part of this group of elements.

The state of bismuth in its natural form is solid. Bismuth is a bright white, red-looking chemical element and belongs to the p-block group of metals. The atomic number of bismuth is 83. The chemical symbol for bismuth is Bi. The melting point of bismuth is 544.4 degrees Kelvin or 272.25 degrees Celsius, or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of bismuth is 1837 degrees Kelvin or 1564.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Centigrade.

Atomic properties of bismuth

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding the position where to find bismuth within the periodic table of elements, bismuth is found in group 15 and period 6. Bismuth has an atomic mass of 208.98038 u.

The electron configuration of bismuth is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The mean radius of bismuth is 160 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 143 pm, and its covalent radius is 146 pm.

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Characteristics of bismuth

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of bismuth.

Bismuth
Chemical symbol Bi
Atomic number 83
Group fifteen
Period 6
Appearance red, bright white
Block p
Density 9780 kg / m3
Atomic mass 208.98038 u
Medium radius 160 pm
Atomic radio 143
Covalent radius 146 pm
Electronic configuration [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p3
Oxidation states 3, 5 (slightly acidic)
Crystal structure rhombohedral
State solid
Melting point 544.4 K
Boiling point 1837K
Heat of fusion 11.3 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 0.000627 Pa at 544 K
Electronegativity 2.02 (Pauling)
Specific heat 122 J / (kg K)
Electric conductivity 0.867 106 m-1 Ω-1
Thermal conductivity 7.87 W / (m K)

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