Barium: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Barium and atomic properties with characteristics.Barium is a silvery-white chemical element with atomic number 56. Its symbol is Ba and it belongs to the group of alkaline earth metals and its normal state in nature is solid. Barium is located at position 56 on the periodic table.

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On this page you can discover the chemical properties of barium and information about barium and other elements of the periodic table such as strontium, radium, cesium or lanthanum. You will also learn what barium is for and you will know what its uses are through its properties associated with barium, such as its atomic number or the usual state in which barium can be found.

You will be able to see qualities of barium such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in barium atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Barium properties

The alkaline earth metals, among which barium is found, have properties among which are being soft, colored and having a low density. Elements like barium have low ionization energy. All alkaline earth metals form ionic compounds with the exception of beryllium.

The state of barium in its natural form is solid (not magnetic). Barium is a silvery-white chemical element that belongs to the group of alkaline earth metals. The atomic number of barium is 56. The chemical symbol for barium is Ba. The melting point of barium is 1000 degrees Kelvin or 727.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of barium is 2,143 degrees Kelvin or 1,870.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius.

Atomic properties of barium

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding the position to find barium within the periodic table of elements, barium is in group 2 and period 6. Barium has an atomic mass of 137.327 u.

The electron configuration of barium is [Xe] 6s2. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. Barium’s mean radius is 215 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 253 pm, and its covalent radius is 198 pm. Barium has a total of 56 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 18 electrons, in the fifth shell it has 8 electrons and in the sixth, 2 electrons.

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Barium characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of barium.

Chemical symbol Ba
Atomic number 56
Group two
Period 6
Appearance silvery white
Block s
Density 3510 kg / m3
Atomic mass 137,327 u
Medium radius 215 pm
Atomic radio 253
Covalent radius 198 pm
Electronic configuration [Xe] 6s2
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 18, 8, 2
Oxidation states two
Oxide strong base
Crystal structure body-centered cubic
State solid
Melting point 1000K
Boiling point 2143K
Heat of fusion 7.75 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 98 Pa at 371 K
Electronegativity 0.89
Specific heat 204 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 3 106S / m
Thermal conductivity 18.4 W / (Km)

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