CHEMISTRYELEMENTS

Antimony: Uses And Characteristics With Its Atomic Properties

We elaborate the uses of Antimony and atomic properties with characteristics. Antimony is a silver-gray chemical element with atomic number 51. Its symbol is Sb and it belongs to the group of metalloids and its usual state in nature is solid. Antimony is located at position 51 on the periodic table.

On this page you can discover the chemical properties of antimony and information about antimony and other elements of the periodic table such as arsenic, bismuth, tin or tellurium. You will also learn what antimony is for and you will know its uses through its properties associated with antimony such as its atomic number or the usual state in which antimony can be found.

You can see qualities of antimony such as its melting and boiling point, its magnetic properties or what its chemical symbol is. In addition, here you will find information about its atomic properties such as the distribution of electrons in antimony atoms and other properties.

For some elements, part of this information is unknown. In these cases we show the properties attributed to them.

Antimony properties

Antimony is part of the elements called metalloids or semi-metals. These types of elements have intermediate properties between metals and non-metals. Regarding their electrical conductivity, this type of materials to which antimony belongs are semiconductors.

The state of antimony in its natural form is solid. Antimony is a silver-gray chemical element that belongs to the group of metalloids. The atomic number of antimony is 51. The chemical symbol for antimony is Sb. The melting point of antimony is 903.78 degrees Kelvin or 631.63 degrees Celsius, or degrees Celsius. The boiling point of antimony is 1860 degrees Kelvin or 1587.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Centigrade.

Atomic properties of antimony

The atomic mass of an element is determined by the total mass of neutrons and protons that can be found in a single atom belonging to this element. Regarding the position where to find antimony within the periodic table of the elements, antimony is in group 15 and period 5. Antimony has an atomic mass of 121,760 u.

The electron configuration of antimony is [Kr] 4d105s25p3. The electronic configuration of the elements determines the way in which the electrons are structured in the atoms of an element. The mean radius of antimony is 145 pm, its atomic radius or Bohr radius is 133 pm, and its covalent radius is 138 pm. Antimony has a total of 51 electrons whose distribution is as follows: In the first shell it has 2 electrons, in the second it has 8 electrons, in its third shell it has 18 electrons, in the fourth, 18 electrons and in the fifth shell it has 5 electrons.

Antimony characteristics

Below you can see a table that shows the main characteristics of antimony.

Antimony
Chemical symbol Sb
Atomic number 51
Group fifteen
Period 5
Appearance silver grey
Block p
Density 6697 kg / m3
Atomic mass 121,760 u
Medium radius 145 pm
Atomic radio 133
Covalent radius 138 pm
Electronic configuration [Kr] 4d105s25p3
Electrons per shell 2, 8, 18, 18, 5
Oxidation states + -3, 5
Oxide medium acidity
Crystal structure rhombohedral
State solid
Melting point 903.78 K
Boiling point 1860K
Heat of fusion 19.87 kJ / mol
Vapor pressure 2.49 × 10-9Pa at 6304 K
Electronegativity 2.05
Specific heat 210 J / (Kkg)
Electric conductivity 2.88 × 106S / m
Thermal conductivity 24.3 W / (K m)

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