EDUCATION MASTER

Quality Education

Quality education concept
  Quality education refers to an educational model aiming at improving the quality of all aspects of educated people. It attaches importance to people’s ideological and moral quality, ability development, personality development, physical health and mental health education. Corresponding to the exam-oriented education. 
  The research on the connotation of quality education in primary and secondary schools in China’s education sector actually has no quality education in Chinese schools. Because of the different angles, the definitions (or interpretations) for quality education are not the same. According to the “emphasis point”, there are 9 categories and 15 definitions for “quality education”. Some of these nine types of definitions belong to the definition of words; some belong to the definition of philosophy; some emphasize the development of human beings; some emphasize the development of human beings and social development; some emphasize the quality of citizens; some emphasize the innate and acquired In combination, some put the various qualities in line; some try to divide the quality level; others emphasize the full use of talent through scientific means. Looking at these definitions, although they are different, they share common characteristics. 
  First, quality education is based on the fundamental purpose of comprehensively improving the basic quality of all students. Second, we believe that quality education should be based on the actual needs of social development and human development. Although some definitions only refer to the development of human beings, they do not consider social needs, but emphasize the development of human beings in view of the fact that “test-oriented education” ignores the subjectivity of students. 
  Third, in a sense, quality is reminiscent of potential. These definitions all advocate the full development of intellectual potential. 
  Fourth, it not only advocates the full development of intellectual potential, but also advocates the comprehensive development of individuality and the cultivation of psychological quality. 

The connotation of quality education
  ”Quality” originally used as a term in the category of physiology, refers to the innately-characterized characteristics of the human nervous system , sensory organs and moving organs. This kind of characteristic is the basis for people to acquire knowledge and growth ability, and its external appearance is character and will. Nowadays, “quality” has been developed into a more comprehensive concept, which refers to the basic quality of the relatively stable physical and mental development formed by the influence of acquired environment and education on the basis of congenital physiology and through the individual’s own understanding and practice. 
  Regarding the quality connotation of human beings, it is now more common to include the following four parts: ideological and moral quality, cultural quality, professional quality and physical and mental quality. Among them, the quality of ideology and morality is the soul and direction of human beings, and the foundation of being human beings; cultural quality is the foundation of human development, reflecting people’s understanding of nature and society; business quality is the ability of people to establish their own business, which not only includes knowledge and skill structure, It also includes work ability; physical and mental quality is the material and spiritual foundation of the first three qualities, reflecting people’s tolerance for nature and society. 
  The so-called “quality education” is an educational activity based on improving people’s overall quality. This kind of education includes two levels of activities: first, national quality education, which is a basic level of activities; second, quality education for specialized personnel, which is an activity level based on the development level of the basic level. For different stages of life, the tasks of quality education are not the same. Just because people’s quality is the same as people’s knowledge and ability, they can be cultivated, transformed and improved through the learning and practice of the day after tomorrow. Therefore, people’s quality education is just like human knowledge learning and ability training. It is also very specific and practical. And has its inevitable rules to follow. 
  Quality education is not equal to knowledge transfer education and ability training, but knowledge structure optimization and ability structure are complete, but it is a necessary condition for becoming high-quality talents. The essence of quality education is to cultivate students’ comprehensive quality through teaching, with knowledge transfer and ability training as the main carrier. In other words, correctly handling the relationship between knowledge learning, ability development and quality improvement, promoting its coordinated development and integration is the key to the concept of quality education.
  The implementation of quality education should be open to all students and create favorable conditions for the overall development of students. It is necessary to start from the aspects of educational thought, talent training mode, teaching plan, curriculum textbook, test evaluation and teaching methods and methods, and infiltrate quality education into professional education, which runs through the cultivation of talents and through the overall optimization of the educational process. . 
  1. Rationally adjust the talent training program, increase the necessary quality education curriculum, and explore the teaching content and curriculum system of the project “Adaptation of Talent Training Model Reform and Open Education Pilot”. It is necessary to strengthen students’ ideological and political education, strengthen the teaching of the main channels of the “two courses”, and lay a solid foundation for students to establish a correct world outlook, outlook on life and values, so that students can firmly establish firm communist beliefs and correct moral values; strengthen students Cultural cultivation, liberal arts majors offer some natural science courses, science majors offer some humanities quality courses; strengthen practical teaching links, increase their proportion in teaching; improve student psychology, aiming at the psychological characteristics of students under distance education conditions, Provide mental health elective courses or special lectures and reports, strengthen psychological counseling and help; focus on cultivating students to develop and innovate, and promote the cultivation of students’ innovative ability. 
  2. Make full use of modern educational technology and multimedia means to strengthen quality education. Campus network should set up special columns for quality education, organize some typical teaching plans for quality education; set up online student psychological testing and consulting services; open online electronic boutique library; virtual network campus culture atmosphere; make full use of the rich and lively society Multimedia quality education resources; quality education software for the preparation and development of systems to carry out quality education. 
  3. Vigorously carry out campus cultural activities to create a strong campus culture atmosphere. Organize various types of cultural quality education lectures, conduct quality education reading activities, carry out social practice activities, organize youth volunteer service activities, and carry out various competitions, such as calligraphy, writing, literature, and computer, which are conducive to improving quality, and intensify quality education. Evaluation and rewards. It is also necessary to combine major festivals and organize various colorful cultural activities to encourage and support students to set up study groups and interest groups to guide them to carry out healthy and beneficial activities. 
  4. Strengthen the assessment of quality education, establish an evaluation and assessment mechanism that is in line with the quality education of open education students, and pay attention to the examination of the quality education process and the evaluation of peacetime. 
Quality education start time
  When does quality education begin? Infancy starts, and infancy is especially important. why would you say so? 
There are two embryonic stages in the life process of a human individual:
  1. From conception to leaving the mother, this is the fetal period; 
  2. From birth to three years old is the spiritual embryo stage, which is the basic stage of psychological development. 
  The fetal period is an important stage of physical growth, and at the same time it is influenced by the mother’s social influence in psychological development. This is the reason why quality education begins from the fetus. Infants are especially tender compared to other animal pups, and they are inseparable from adult protection for a long time. Because the baby is very immature at birth, especially the brain, these need to develop gradually in the social living environment. At this time, the concept and method of adulthood will play an important role in the physical and mental development of the baby. Infancy education actually refers to the mother’s concept and methods of parenting. 
  As the saying goes, when I was three years old, I decided to live my life. How do I understand this sentence? Birth is the key stage of human brain development. The environment in which a baby lives has an important influence on the development of his body and his mental function. This is because although the baby has the basic structure of the brain at birth, most of the brain cells have not yet started to work. They are scattered and need to be intertwined and intertwined by external stimuli to form a neural network to function as a brain. If the environmental stimulus is appropriate, it can trigger mental activity, and the brain cells gradually entangle each other in the activity to process the external information. The information in the environment is rich, the brain activity is stimulated, the brain cells are active, the quality of intertwined is high, the speed is fast, and the brain develops well. The poor quality of the information in the environment or the poor quality of the brain, the development of the brain is slow or biased. The entire entanglement process of brain cells is 70% to 80% completed before the age of three. The tissue that develops behind the brain is the most basic and important information processing structure. The front part of the three-year-old hindbrain was developed, and the brain activity formed by the information received in the previous stage was operated at a high level, and the brain function was further developed. It can be seen that if the basic functions of mental activity before the age of three are not properly developed, it is difficult to achieve good results in later training. The impact of good education in infancy on lifelong development is obvious.
  A baby has a series of instincts at birth, which are the basis for his continued physical development and mental function development. The newborn appears to be weak on the surface, but his instinct has enormous potential to promote his own development and create a spiritual life (personality) with his own characteristics. For a long time, people generally pay attention to his weakness when raising babies, thus giving various protections; they lack understanding of the potential of his own development, often inadvertently hurting or inhibiting this autonomy, hindering the baby’s development. . Therefore, the key to education in infancy is to deal with the contradiction between giving necessary protection and respecting independent development, and grasping the appropriateness of the quality and quantity of adult influence. The idea of ​​updating parenting is to make sure that the baby is the main body of development. The task of the caregiver is to help the baby to develop independently; the elimination of the baby is an idea that the ignorance of the child can be freely shaped by the adult. 
Who will help the baby to develop independently

  Mother is the best teacher to educate the baby, the mother is the protagonist to help the baby to develop independently, and other caregivers should actively cooperate to create a family environment that is conducive to promoting their independent development. The average family pays attention to the physical environment when babies are born. What needs attention is the creation of a psychological environment. The psychological atmosphere formed by the personality and mutual relationship of family members , especially the attitude towards the baby, the way of nurturing, etc., is particularly important for the impact of the baby. It is not considered that the baby does not understand things. The bad stimuli in the environment are often not easy to detect the psychological development and personality formation of the baby, but it may plant the root cause. Because brain function is developing rapidly at this time, the information of the outside world has an amazing absorption, not only impressed, but also the neural network that enters the brain becomes part of the mind, with life. It can be seen that favorable influences promote the development of good personality; harmful effects can cause defects in personality. 
Creating an environment for self-development for babies
  As an educator, mothers should understand the general rules of infants’ physical and mental development on the one hand, and observe the specific situation of their baby’s development on the other hand. Generally, adults pay great attention to the development of the baby’s body. Carefully observe his breastfeeding, sleep, defecation, etc., and adjust the maintenance measures in time; but the attention to the psychological development of the baby is not enough. Because the difference in psychological development of each infant is greater than the difference in physiological development, and must be observed through careful observation. The mother should observe his psychological development needs in the process of caring for the baby’s physiological needs, give satisfaction and promote his independent development. 
  Through observation, the mother discovers the needs of the baby’s physical and mental development, and combines the general rules of infant development in parenting science readings, can consider a “childcare program” suitable for baby development, and cooperate with other adults to implement. 
  There is a “sensitive period” in the process of infant psychological development. At this time, the baby shows a kind of inner omission, and has great interest in things in the environment. It absorbs all kinds of information with amazing passion and learns many easily and happily. thing. However, this kind of inner vitality needs to be stimulated by the outside world, and creating a rich environment is to provide appropriate stimulation. Because the sensitive period of each aspect of the baby’s psychological development is different, the sensitive period of each baby is also different. Adults can create an environment according to the general law of infant development to induce the independent performance of the baby’s inner vitality, carefully observe the signs of this voluntary performance, and use The right approach gives support to promote its development. This shows that the mother can train herself into a research-oriented educator in the process of helping the baby to develop independently. 
  Don’t look down on the baby’s ability. In the process of tending, let us learn from the baby, help him develop independently, and let his spirit and body grow vigorously. 
Quality education method
  The family is the first school for children. The parents are the first teachers of the children. How can parents be good teachers? Many successful parents in the world have answered, summed up because they are loving, confident, careful, patient and persevering. 
First, love is the basis for the implementation of quality education for infants and young children. 
  There are two kinds of parents who love children. One is strict love and care; the other is love and love. The former helps the child to become a talent, the latter leads the child to a dead end, and we advocate the former. 
  Parents love children, give their children warmth and care, and they will care about their children’s growth and development. From the day the child is born, they will start early education without letting go. 
  Parents love children, which will inspire confidence, patience, care, and perseverance to overcome the difficulties in education and make education effective. 
  Parents love children, so that children will have a sense of security and trust, so that children and parents maintain a good emotional relationship, more willing to receive education. 
  Parents love children, they will consider the teaching plan from the perspective of the child in the process of implementing education, so that education will go with the flow and not violate its law of growth. 
  Parents love children, they will continue to cultivate self-cultivation, supplement themselves, and be a veritable teacher. 
  And if parents do not love children, or love to love children, they will ignore the child’s early education and harm the child’s life. 
Second, confidence is the power of parents to implement quality education for infants and young children. 
  Confidence can be turned into inner energy, which leads to the realization of faith. Some parents see their children in a certain aspect, they think that he is not a block, thus losing confidence, not willing to early education, let it develop. In fact, 30% of children’s intelligence comes from heredity, and 70% comes from the education and the environment of the day after tomorrow.
  In the eighteenth century, the French philosopher Elvis said: “Even an ordinary child, as long as the early education is done, will become an extraordinary person.” The German educator Carl and Witt’s child, Little Witt, is congenitally deficient. He seems to be demented during the baby, but the old Wit did not give up. He believes that “the talent of the person depends mainly on the education of the day after tomorrow” and insists on the early education of Little Witt. As a result, Little Witt has a superior intelligence, and he has more than 30,000 vocabulary at the age of five. He went to college at the age of ten and received his Ph.D. 
  Man is the son of the environment. As a parent, no matter how clever or clumsy your child is, you must first be full of confidence. I believe that as long as you work hard, you will certainly grow. 
Third, carefully determine the quality of infant quality education. 
  Infant quality education is a systematic project involving intellectual development, scientific feeding, physical exercise, psychological quality and character cultivation, and virtues. It is educational in life, combining education and education; education is in the game, teaching is in the heart, learning is unintentional. It is a personalized education, and its education must conform to the child’s physical and mental development rules, in line with the child’s personality. 
  These characteristics of infant quality education require parents to be careful. Careful attention should be paid to the child’s life in the past, and the opportunity to teach can be used to educate the child; to pay close attention to the child’s manners, to understand the child’s potential and characteristics, to teach students in accordance with their aptitude, to make the education conform to the child’s nature; to be careful Observe whether children’s development in all aspects is balanced, strengthen training on the lack of aspects, and cultivate and create perfect talents; carefully observe the child’s response to teaching to understand whether the content of teaching is timely, appropriate, and appropriate, so that education is more in line with children’s The law of growth; pay close attention to the child’s daily life behavior, prevent micro-duration, and find that there are bad behaviors to correct, only in this way can improve the quality of teaching. 
  Some parents may have to say that I am always in accordance with the syllabus. The syllabus is formulated by the relevant departments for ordinary infants and young children. The copying may not be suitable for your child. The development speed of infants and young children is fast and slow, and the personality is different. Your child is unique. He is different from other children. Therefore, parents must be careful when educating their children. If you carelessly and blindly teach, you will have little effect. Even the seedlings encourage and hurt the children. 
4. Patience is the guarantee for the continuity of infant education.

  The quality education of infants and young children is an enlightenment education. Because the physiology and psychology of the educated are not mature, education is based on enlightenment, that is, it is based on openness, fitness, habits and morality. Therefore, the baby’s response to teaching is not In a timely manner, the effectiveness of teaching will not be immediate. For example, teach the baby to take things, you have to demonstrate it a few times before he will take it; teach the baby to know things, you have to identify it many times before he will know, teach the baby to learn the language you have to repeatedly induce him to say; the early childhood education formation The intellectual superiority, good psychological quality and personality will take longer to appear. 
  Some parents were enthusiastic and energetic at the beginning of the teaching. After teaching a few times, they saw that the baby did not respond or had little effect, and they lost patience and gave up education. Infant and childhood is the key period of life. During this period, children’s intelligence develops rapidly, psychological quality and character formation. At this time, education benefits for a lifetime. At this time, giving up education is “missing the spring without anywhere”. Parents should have a patience in educating their children. Believe that there is a harvest in a seed.
5. Persevere in determining the effectiveness of infant and child education. 

  Infant quality education is a basic education. It aims at developing intelligence, strengthening physical fitness, cultivating good psychological quality, character and virtue, and using environmental edification and subtle influence as a means to educate the whole process of raising a baby. Long, such as the development of children’s intelligence requires thousands of tricks of the game activities; children’s habits need good behavior and behavior for a long time; children’s morality requires countless moral, rational, aesthetic art activities, These teaching projects can’t be done without perseverance. Half-course teaching, half-way, and a violent storm will affect the effectiveness of teaching. Only by continuing to educate their children on quality education will parents achieve fruitful results and lay a solid foundation for their growth and development. 
  In short, the quality education of infants and young children is inseparable from the parents’ love, confidence, care, patience and perseverance. This “five hearts” is the best gift for parents to give to their children. 
The importance of quality education
  At present, many parents think that intellectual development is the most important thing. “Learning mathematics and physics and learning is not afraid of going all over the world.” So, before the child enters school, parents can judge whether the child can count a question or recite a poem according to the requirements. Smart, useful. After the child enters school, the test scores become the standard for parents and teachers to determine whether the child is smart. Some parents object to the cadres who are on duty at work, and they are afraid of affecting their studies. As long as their children learn well, they can get into college. In fact, this is a bias towards understanding talent. Exam scores do not fully reflect a person’s level, especially if a person’s ability is difficult to see from the score. This kind of blind pursuit of score education will inevitably create a group of people with “high scores and low energy” or “low scores and low energy”. Such people are not needed in today’s society. 
  In January 1987, 75 Nobel Prize winners gathered in Paris. Someone asked a winner: “Which university, which laboratory did you learn what you think is the most important thing?” The white-haired scholar pondered for a moment and replied: “Kindergarten.” “What have you learned in kindergarten?” “Come half of your own things to children. It’s not something you don’t want. You should put things neatly. Wash your hands before you eat. Do apologies. Have a rest after lunch. Take a close look at the surrounding nature. The 
  scientist’s answer is intriguing. The scientist talked about his talented experience, avoided the role of early intellectual development, emphasized the cultivation of moral civilization, and indeed grasped the essence of the problem. The scientist’s meaning is nothing more than a person’s success or not, quality education. Played a more important role.
  Quality education requires the educated to develop in an all-round way, that is, to enable the educated to develop in a comprehensive and harmonious way in terms of physical, psychological, intellectual, moral, aesthetic and social skills. It is not good for the development of young children to highlight a certain aspect of education, or to guide the interest of young children in a narrow direction and ignore the cultivation of other qualities. At present, there is still an emphasis on talent learning in family education, ignoring the practice of “being a person” education. On the one hand, many parents often have obvious utilitarian education about their children. It is believed that the quality education of children is mainly to learn talents, regardless of the children’s interest, development possibilities and trends, resulting in children’s physical and psychological heavy pressure, affecting the normal development of children’s mind and body. On the other hand, many kindergarten teachers lack awareness of quality education, and in order to cater to the parental value orientation of some parents, they also consciously and unconsciously emphasize teaching some intellectual things or unilaterally attaching importance to talent training for young children, ignoring the children. The training and training of character conducts the opposite of quality education. 
  Quality education emphasizes that from the moment of birth, a child is a living independent individual with his own independent will and personality, and has his own needs and powers. Educators must respect the child’s personal dignity, meet their reasonable requirements and emotional needs, and implement education according to their age characteristics and personality differences. Believe that each child has great potential for self-development, facing all children, the largest in education. The child’s subjective action can be used to the limit. From the perspective of early childhood education, quality education is “ creating education suitable for every child” to promote the development of each child at the original level. It emphasizes comprehensiveness and foundation, and must be possessed by all people. Basic literacy and ability are reflected in the content of education. It is advocated to closely link learning with the actual life of young children, so that children can achieve “four learnings”, that is, learn to recognize, learn to survive, learn to do things, learn to share with others. life.
  The family is the first school for young children, and the parents are the first teachers of the children. Parents’ every move, words and deeds, subtle changes in expressions, etc., will affect the child’s thinking. Parents want their children to be healthy, active, intelligent, independent, self-care, and strong. Then, as parents, don’t regard quality education as a slogan, but do it physically, set a good example for children, and put quality education through the children’s daily life. 
  First of all, parents should be the one who loves children and strictly demands the children. Love is the starting point and foundation of education. But love must be measured and not loved. Parents often insist on doing things such as asking the children to do what they can, not selfish, not lying, respecting the elders, caring for others and other correct requirements, can make love become the driving force for the child’s progress. In fact, the strict requirement for children is a responsible and rational love. 
  Second, parents should encourage their children to participate in group activities and interact with their peers. In the collective life, children can learn to respect others, learn to cooperate with others, learn various social skills, and at the same time experience happiness, experience fairness and reasonableness, and understand themselves more objectively. 
  Once again, parents should pay attention to the development of children’s independence, resilience, compassion and other good personality qualities. It is necessary to arrange some self-service labor, housework and public welfare labor for the children, let the children learn to cope with various problems in daily life and game activities, so that the children can exercise their will and improve their ability in solving problems and overcoming difficulties. . 
  Quality education is by no means a slogan hanging on the lips. Children’s quality education is inseparable from family education. Every parent needs to be a good teacher. The core goal of quality education for young children is to help children plant seeds of essential qualities throughout their growth stages at the beginning of their lives, and to care for them, and look forward to the day when these seeds can produce beautiful flowers of life. 

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