GENETIC

Genetically Related Diseases

Although parents can’t change their children’s genes, they can at least use their medical history as a warning, pay more attention to their physical problems related to these medical history, and promptly check and take effective preventive measures as early as possible to minimize the risk factor. The following describes seven family genetic diseases and response plans.

  1. The children with the highest incidence of allergies and asthma are: parents who have asthma or are allergic to peanut butter, pollen, dust and other items. If only one of the parents has asthma or allergies, the child’s chance of inheritance is 30% to 50%, but if the parents have asthma or allergies, the chances will increase to 80%. Preventive measures: The latest research shows that breastfeeding can prevent asthma and allergic skin rashes. If you have a family history of allergies, but you don’t have a breastfeeding baby, or you need to add milk powder, be sure to choose a formula that has very little allergens for your baby. Children with a family history of allergies should not eat dairy products until the age of 1 and do not eat egg whites before the age of 2, and do not eat peanut butter and seafood before the age of 3. In addition, reducing your child’s exposure to pollen and pets can also reduce the risk of asthma and allergic rhinitis.
  2, the highest incidence of high blood pressure and high blood lipids are children: parents with some kind of heart disease. If one of the parents has high blood pressure or high blood lipids, the child’s chance of illness is 50%; if both parents have high blood pressure or high blood lipids, the chance will increase to 75%. Precautionary measures: Check the child. Expert advice: Children aged 3 years and older should have a routine blood pressure test; if the parents have a high blood lipid index (exponent over 180 mg/dl or higher), or one of the parents, grandparents and grandfathers have been If you are diagnosed with heart disease, it is best to take him to a related examination when the child is 5 years old. Hypertension and hyperlipidaemia are closely related to diet, so after your baby has passed the infancy, you should ensure that your child is well-balanced every day, exercise every day, and avoid excessive accumulation of fat.
  3, the child with the highest incidence of ear inflammation is: children with long-term ear inflammation. If parents have long-term ear inflammation, the probability of inheritance to children is 60% to 70%. Because parents are more likely to inherit the structure of the child’s face or Eustachian tube, children with this genetic gene are more likely to develop otitis media. Precautionary measures: Doctors advise that no one can smoke at home, give breastfeeding to children for at least 3 months, use less pacifiers for children, try to avoid children getting infected with the flu, and encourage children to wash their hands more. In addition, it is worth noting that the common cold can not only cause inflammation of the ear, but also aggravate the condition. But don’t worry too much, usually after the child is 7 years old, the phenomenon of ear infection will automatically decrease.
  4. The child with the highest incidence of obesity is: parents are severely obese children. If one of the parents is obese, the likelihood of the child being overweight is 40%; if both parents are obese, the likelihood is increased to 70%. The best preventive measures: Parents lead by example, children will follow their healthy diet and exercise habits. Doctors recommend: limit children to drink sugary carbonated drinks; eat less dessert. After the child is two years old, the body should be checked on time so that the child’s weight can be detected early.
  5, skin cancer melanoma is an uncommon but very dead skin cancer. If one of the parents has melanoma, the child’s chance of illness is 2% to 3%; if both parents have melanoma, the chance will increase to 5% to 8%; if the parents or some relatives are If you are diagnosed with melanoma before the age of 50, your child will be more likely to get sick. The best precautions: Try to avoid letting your child shine in the sun. 80% of skin damage caused by cancer occurs before the age of 18, so when children go out, it is essential to use sunscreen for children, with an SPF of 15 or higher.
  6. The chance of diabetes in a diabetic child depends on the type of diabetes the parents have. If both parents have type 1 diabetes, the genetic change will increase to 1/4. Type 2 diabetes is a weight-related diabetes that is more hereditary. If one of the parents has type 2 diabetes, the genetic change is 1/7 to 1/3; but if both parents have type 2 diabetes, the genetic change is increased to 1/2. The best precautions: Some studies have shown that breastfeeding your baby all the time and adding food supplements after 6 months can slightly reduce the risk of type 1 diabetes. For type 2 diabetes, make sure your child’s body is fully exercised to avoid accumulation of fat, to ensure that the child’s diet is nutritious, and to eat more fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain foods to reduce the risk of illness.
  7. The child with the highest incidence of visual acuity is a child whose parents have problems with vision during childhood. If parents start wearing myopia glasses when they are young, then the chances of having myopia are 6 times higher than those of ordinary people. If the father or mother is amblyopia when they are younger, then the child is twice as likely to have amblyopia as the average person. The best precautions: Make sure your child has regular eye exams during infancy. For most children, a pediatrician’s diagnosis is sufficient, but for children with a family history of eye disease, an ophthalmologist must be examined. If the child is amblyopia, the effect of starting treatment before the age of 3 is the most significant, so it is especially important to make a diagnosis as early as possible.

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