Biology: The word biology is formed by two Greek words: bios( “life” ) and logos(“study”). It is a natural science that is dedicated to analyzing the properties and characteristics of living organisms, focusing on their origin and development.
It is a branch of the natural sciences whose purpose is to study living beings and, more specifically, their origin, evolution and properties: genesis, nutrition, morphogenesis, reproduction, pathogenesis, etc. Biology deals with both the description of the characteristics and behaviours of individual organisms and of the species as a whole, as well as the reproduction of living beings and the interactions between them and the environment.
Biology: Table of Contents
Biology is the science that studies living beings. According to the partial aspect studied, Biology can be divided into many branches, including the following:
- Bacteriology: study the bacteria.
- Biophysics: studies the physical state of living matter.
- Biology: study the molecules that constitute living beings.
- Botany: study the plants.
- Cytology: studies the tissues.
- Ecology: study ecosystems.
- Embryology: studies how fertilized ovules develop.
- Ethology: studies the behaviour of animals.
- Evolution: study how species have changed over time.
- Physiology: studies the organic functions of living beings.
- Genetics: study how biological characters are inherited.
- Histology: studies the tissues.
- Microbiology: study microscopic organisms.
- Morphology: study the structure of living beings.
- Palaeoecology: study the ecosystems of the past.
- Palaeontology: study the remains of life in the past.
- Taxonomy: study the classification of living beings.
- Virology: study viruses.
- Zoology: study animals.