Biology

 

Biology: The word biology is formed by two Greek words: bios( life” ) and logos(“study”). It is a natural science that is dedicated to analyzing the properties and characteristics of living organisms, focusing on their origin and development.

It is a branch of the natural sciences whose purpose is to study living beings and, more specifically, their origin, evolution and properties: genesis, nutrition, morphogenesis, reproduction, pathogenesis, etc. Biology deals with both the description of the characteristics and behaviours of individual organisms and of the species as a whole, as well as the reproduction of living beings and the interactions between them and the environment.

Biology: Table of Contents

Biology is the science that studies living beings. According to the partial aspect studied, Biology can be divided into many branches, including the following:

  • Bacteriology: study the bacteria.
  • Biophysics: studies the physical state of living matter.
  • Biology: study the molecules that constitute living beings.
  • Botany: study the plants.
  • Cytology: studies the tissues.
  • Ecology: study ecosystems.
  • Embryology: studies how fertilized ovules develop.
  • Ethology: studies the behaviour of animals.
  • Evolution: study how species have changed over time.
  • Physiology: studies the organic functions of living beings.
  • Genetics: study how biological characters are inherited.
  • Histology: studies the tissues.
  • Microbiology: study microscopic organisms.
  • Morphology: study the structure of living beings.
  • Palaeoecology: study the ecosystems of the past.
  • Palaeontology: study the remains of life in the past.
  • Taxonomy: study the classification of living beings.
  • Virology: study viruses.
  • Zoology: study animals.
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